BACKGROUND: Hip replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip with prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe pain due to arthritis. (SOURCE:

WHY IT'S DONE: The goal of hip replacement surgery is to relieve pain and increase the mobility and function of a damaged hip joint. Conditions that can damage the hip joint, sometimes necessitating hip replacement surgery, include:

·         Osteoarthritis

·         Rheumatoid arthritis

·         Broken hip

·         Bone tumor

·         Osteonecrosis


LATEST TECHNOLOGY: Every year more than a quarter of a million Americans have total hip replacement surgery. It's almost always a successful operation that frees patients from what's often described as disabling pain. But in recent years, there's been lots of discussion about "anterior approach" hip replacement, a surgical technique that's different than the standard procedure. It's one that proponents say can lead to quicker recovery, three to four weeks compared to six to eight weeks for typical surgery. The Anterior Approach to hip replacement surgery allows the surgeon to reach the hip joint from the front of the hip as opposed to the lateral (side) or the posterior (back) approach. This way, the hip can be replaced without detachment of muscle from the pelvis or femur during surgery. (SOURCE:;


Susan Hall

Baylor Health Care System