TOKYO – The S&P 500 ticked higher to close at another all-time high Friday, powered by strength for technology stocks and a couple reports on the U.S. economy that were better than expected.
The benchmark index rose 11.65 points, or 0.3%, to 3,397.16, even though the majority of stocks in the index weakened. It followed up on losses across Europe after more discouraging reports there indicated a slowdown in its economies.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average climbed 190.60, or 0.7%, to 27,930.33, and the Nasdaq composite added 46.85, or 0.4%, to 11,311.80.
The S&P 500 surpassed its prior closing high of 3,389.78, which was set on Tuesday after the index erased the last of its historic losses from the coronavirus pandemic. Despite its record-setting week, the market's momentum has slowed recently after roaring back from its nearly 34% plunge from late February into March.
The S&P 500 rose 0.7% for the week. It was the seventh gain for the index in the last eight weeks, but the last two have been the most modest during that stretch.
Investors are still waiting for more clarity on several fronts, which could drive the next big move up or down.
The economy has shown some signs of stalling recently, with Friday’s reports from Europe the latest reminder that a steady rise in coronavirus cases may be undermining growth. They follow a U.S. report from Thursday that showed that the number of workers applying for unemployment benefits picked up last week.
But the picture remains mixed. A separate report from IHS Markit on Friday said preliminary data suggests output from the U.S. private sector is at an 18-month high. Sales of previously occupied homes were also stronger in July than economists expected, as activity exploded in every region of the country.
Those reports helped the U.S. stock market recover from declines earlier in the morning.
“The housing market is strong,” said Quincy Krosby, chief market strategist at Prudential Financial. "This week has been about housing. Each one of these reports has been strong.”
Stocks of homebuilders climbed following the data, including a 3.2% rise for D.R. Horton. But it was additional gains for tech stocks that did the most work in the S&P 500's rally.
Most stocks on Wall Street fell, and the smaller companies in the Russell 2000 small-cap index lost 11.83, or 0.8%, to 1,552.48. Even within the S&P 500 index of big companies, 56% of stocks were lower, with energy producers and financial stocks dropping. But a 1.2% rise for tech stocks in the S&P 500 helped offset that.
Tech has remained remarkably resilient through the pandemic and continued to churn out big profits as work-from-home and other tech-friendly trends accelerate. Apple, which this week became the first U.S. company to have a market value of more than $2 trillion, rose 5.2%.
Big tech stocks, which generally have strong balance sheets and deliver strong growth, will likely continue to be attractive to investors as long as there are questions about economic growth, said Krosby.
“One of the most important factors in this market and for the broadening of the market in order to include those names that have not participated is: You want to see the unemployment landscape heal, and you want to see those initial unemployment claims come down,” she said. "That’s a major focus for analysts because we’re a consumer-led economy. People need jobs in order to consume.”
Deere was another big winner after it reported profit for the latest quarter that was double what Wall Street expected. Its shares rose 4.4%.
The Federal Reserve is continuing to prop up markets and the economy by keeping interest rates at nearly zero and buying reams of bonds. But stimulus from Congress has lapsed, and Democrats and Republicans on Capitol Hill continue to haggle.
Investors say the economy and markets need another round of big support from Congress for the recovery to continue.
“Ultimately, it will take some combination of bad data, bad markets and good politics to break the impasse,” economist Ethan Harris wrote in a BofA Global Research report. “Meanwhile, every passing week without meaningful legislation lengthens the mini-recession. This is not the kind of August break this economy needs.”
Beyond Capitol Hill, investors are also waiting for the latest developments in the rising tensions between the world's two largest economies.
China’s Commerce Ministry on Thursday said that Chinese and U.S. trade envoys will hold a meeting by phone “in the near future” to discuss an agreement aimed at resolving their tariff war. No details on timing were given.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury dipped to 0.63% from 0.64% late Thursday.
In European stock markets, Germany's DAX slipped 0.5%. France’s CAC 40 fell 0.3%, while the FTSE 100 in London lost 0.2%.
Earlier, Asian markets closed higher. Japan's Nikkei 225 gained 0.2%, South Korea’s Kospi rose 1.3% and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng added 1.3%.
Benchmark U.S. crude oil fell 48 cents to settle at $42.34 per barrel. Brent crude, the international standard, lost 55 cents to $44.35 per barrel.
AP Business Writer Yuri Kageyama contributed.