Treatment options for prostate cancer
There are several treatments available for those with prostate cancer. According to the Mayo Clinic, which treatments are used depends on the type and severity of a person's cancer.
In some cases where the cancer is in very early stages, the Mayo Clinic says immediate treatment may not be needed. However, if the cancer progresses while being monitored then treatment will need to be done.
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy to kill the cancer cells, according to the Mayo Clinic. These treatments are done with through external beam radiation or brachytherapy (where the radiation is placed inside the body).
Hormone therapy can be done to stop the body from producing testosterone, according to the Mayo Clinic. This is typically done through medications or surgery.
Surgery to remove the prostate gland is also an option of those with prostate cancer.
Patients can also consider treatments that involved freezing tissue to kill cancer cells and heating prostate tissue.
Chemotherapy can also be used to kill rapidly growing cells and for cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.