Russian warships arrive in the Philippines

Move comes amid rising South China Sea tensions

By BEN WESTCOTT AND BRAD LENDON, CNN
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(CNN) - Two Russian destroyers and a tanker have docked in the Philippines for a "goodwill visit" amid escalating tensions in the disputed South China Sea.

The destroyers Admiral Tributs and Vinogradov -- classified as "large, anti-submarine ships" -- docked in Manila early Monday, along with the Admiral Irkut, a "large sea tanker," according to the Philippine News Agency.

It is the second time this year Russian vessels have docked in the Philippines. In early January, three Russian naval ships docked in the Philippine capital for what was described as a visit to "further enhance and sustain the promotion of peace, stability and maritime cooperation."

The most recent arrival comes just months before the two countries are due to sign a naval cooperation agreement, likely in July, which will reportedly involve more joint training exercises and reciprocal port visits.

Russia and China have also been moving closer together in recent years, conducting joint military drills and signing economic deals, with both sides claiming relations are at their "best level in history."

Monday's Russia visit also comes amid the annual Balikatan joint exercises between the Philippines and US, which finish April 12.

The Balikatan drills feature more than 7,500 troops, F-35B stealth fighters and include live-fire training and amphibious operations among other events.

While the Russian ship visit is not to that scale, Moscow's growing ties with the Philippines and presence in the region come at a time of increased tensions in the South China Sea.

The Philippines government said hundreds of Chinese vessels, including some military ships, had been spotted around Thitu Island in the Spratly chain, which is controlled by Manila but claimed by Beijing.

The Chinese flotilla began appearing around Thitu in December and January, about the time Manila began construction on the contested maritime feature.

In a speech Thursday, Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte warned Beijing to leave Thitu Island alone, threatening military action in response to any Chinese aggression.

"Let us be friends, but do not touch Pagasa Island and the rest," Duterte said, according to CNN Philippines, using the Philippine word Pagasa for Thitu. "If you make moves there, that's a different story. I will tell my soldiers, 'Prepare for suicide mission'."

China and the Philippines are just two of the many countries who lay claim to large portions of the South China Sea, along with Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. In a bid to reinforce their claim on the territory, China has built and militarized artificial islands across the important shipping lane.

Tensions cooled after Duterte pursued a closer economic relationship with Beijing. Manila also turned to Moscow for support, with Duterte shifting his country's previously close ties to Washington.

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