South Africa's Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini dies, aged 72

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FILE In this Sept. 24, 2008, file photo, African National Congress president Jacob Zuma, left, greets Inkatha Freedom Party leader, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, right, in front of Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini, center, during Heritage Day celebrations in the KwaZulu Natal Province. Zwelithini died Friday, March 12, 2021, aged 72. (AP Photo/File)

JOHANNESBURG – King Goodwill Zwelithini, the traditional leader of South Africa's Zulu nation, has died aged 72 after being hospitalized for more than a month, his family announced Friday.

Zwelithini had health problems related to diabetes, according to local news reports.

Zwelithini, the eighth Zulu king, reigned for more than 50 years, making him the longest-serving Zulu monarch.

As the traditional leader of the Zulu nation, Zwelithini did not hold political office but had considerable influence over the country's estimated 12 million Zulus, the largest ethnic group of South Africa's 60 million people.

King Zwelithini was an outspoken critic of the government’s planned land redistribution policy, which could affect large tracts of land belonging to the Zulu nation.

The Ingonyama Trust controlled by the king owns 29% of the land of the KwaZulu-Natal province, about 28,000 square kilometers, or 10,811 square miles. It is estimated that more than 5 million people live on the land, most in rural farming communities. The land could be expropriated from the Zulu kingdom if the government follows some of the proposals it has made.

Historically, under the leadership of King Shaka Zulu from 1816 to 1828, Zulus gave fierce resistance to British colonialism.

President Cyril Ramaphosa praised Zwelithini for his contribution to the province’s economic and cultural development.