San Juan Bautista is considered the mother of all Texas missions and gateway to our state

Tejano Moments: San Juan Bautista Mission

SAN ANTONIO – Once considered the “gateway” to Texas, San Juan Bautista is known as the mother of all Texas missions.

It was founded on Jan. 1, 1700, and was located in present-day Guerrero, Coahuila, Mexico, about 35 miles from Eagle Pass, Texas.

Map of Guerrero Mexico (KSAT)

The function of the mission was to serve as a complex for religious clergy, military and to be a stop for all expeditions that were heading into Texas.

The mission was important to San Antonio history as Governor Martin de Alarcón launched his founding expedition of the Alamo City in 1718 from San Juan Bautista and in 1731 soldiers from the mission escorted Canary Islanders to San Antonio.

“It’s the very beginning and that’s why we believe it’s so important that heritage and legacy be communicated to the public and to students,” historian for Rudi Rodriguez said.

The mission would serve out its purpose once the Mexican Revolution started and ceased to function around 1810.

Its name is now just a part of Tejano history, but for more than a hundred years it was a gateway to a new land.

Read more about Tejano History:

About the Author

Erica Hernandez is an Emmy award-winning journalist with 15 years of experience in the broadcast news business. Erica has covered a wide array of stories all over Central and South Texas. She's currently the court reporter and cohost of the podcast Texas Crime Stories.

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